Medical Terminology

6.13 Medical Terminology

Aerosolized: In the form of ultramicroscopic solid or liquid particles dispersed or suspended in air or gas

Adult Patient: For trauma a patient who is 16 years of age or older, medical patients 18 years of
age or older.

Amniotic Fluid: The serous liquid in which the embryo is suspended in the uterus.

Antibody: A protein substance produced in the blood or tissues in response to a specific antigen, such as a virus. Antibodies destroy or weaken bacteria and neutralize organic poisons, thereby forming the basis of immunity.

Asthma: Chronic inflammatory disease that can be acutely triggered by many irritants. Ataxia: Staggered/unsteady gait that may be indicative of neurological impairment.

Baker Act: Florida Statutes, Chapter 394, which relate to the authorization of police, physicians, and the courts to dictate certain medical care for persons who pose a threat to themselves or to others.

Blood: Human blood, human blood components, and products made from human blood.

Bloodborne Pathogens: Pathogenic microorganisms that are present in human blood and can cause disease in humans. These pathogens include, but are not limited to, hepatitis B, hepatitis C, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), and syphilis.

Cerebrospinal Fluid: The serum-like liquid that circulates through the ventricles of the brain and the cavity of the spinal cord.

Child Abuse: When persons intentionally inflict, or allow to be inflicted, physical or psychological injury to a child, which causes or results in risk of death, disfigurement, or distress.

Child Neglect: When an endangered child’s physical, mental, or emotional condition is impaired or because of failure of the legal guardian to supply basic necessities, including adequate food, clothing, shelter, education, or medical care

CISM: Critical incident stress management. Support and professional intervention provided after a significant traumatic event where personal coping mechanisms may become overwhelmed.

Competent: When individuals are able to understand the nature and consequences of their actions by refusing medical care and/or transportation.

Contraindication: A factor that renders the administration of a drug or the carrying out of a medical procedure inadvisable.

Croup: A viral infection of the upper airway that causes edema/inflammation below the larynx and glottis, with a resultant narrowing of the lumen of the airway.

Decompression Sickness: A disorder resulting from a reduction of (“Bends”): surrounding pressure, such as during an ascent from a dive, and attributed to the formation of bubbles from dissolved gas in the body tissues. It is usually characterized by symptoms of pain and neurological dysfunction, which may range from subtle to very acute in nature.

DNRO: Do not resuscitate order; Florida HRS form 1896, provider notification of a patient’s/legal guardian’s wishes not to be resuscitated.

Drowning: Submersion in either fresh or saltwater, such that the person may or may not be conscious

Epiglottitis: An acute infection and inflammation of the epiglottis that is potentially life-threatening.

HEPA Mask: A high-efficiency particulate air filter that is used as a personal protective device. It is worn over the nose and mouth to filter/ remove bacteria, spores, and viruses whose size is equal to and greater than 0.3 micron. OSHA’s standard for respiratory protection requires that employees be trained in the use of respirators and that the mask be fit tested.

Hemiplegia: Weakness on a unilateral side of the body.

Influenza: An acute contagious viral infection characterized by inflammation of the respiratory tract and by fever, chills, and muscular pain.

Intubation: To insert a tube into a hollow organ or body passage.

Level 1: Actions authorized prior to physician contact.

Level 2: Actions expected or to be requested with physician contact

Mantoux Test (PPD): A method of assessing whether someone has become infected with Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex. The test involves measurement of a subject’s immune response to an injection of tuberculin purified protein derivative (PPD) manufactured from killed M. tuberculosis bacilli. Also referred to as a tuberculin skin test or PPD test.

Medical  Direction:  The  action  of  a  licensed  physician  granting  authority  and  accepting responsibility for the care provided by EMS; it includes participation in all aspects of EMS to ensure maintenance of accepted standards of medical practice.

Medication Access Point (MAP): Intermittent vascular access site (i.e., saline or heparin lock)

Miosis: Constricted pupils

Morgan Lens: Ocular irrigation device that is placed on the global surface

Nasopharyngeal Airway: The part of the pharynx above the soft palate that is continuous with the nasal passages.

Newborn:   A patient who has just been delivered.

Neonate: A patient who is younger than 6 weeks of age.

Online Medical Control: The moment-to-moment contemporaneous medical supervision of EMS personnel caring for patients in the field by a licensed physician. It occurs via radio, telephone, or on-scene physicians.

Pediatric: For trauma a patient who is 15 years of age or younger, medical patients 17 years of age or younger

Percutaneous: Passed, done, or effected through the skin.

Pericardial Fluid: The liquid suspended in the sac surrounding the heart.

Peritoneal Fluid: The liquid suspended in the body cavity that contains most of the abdominal and pelvic organs.

Plasma: The clear yellowish fluid portion of blood, lymph, or intramuscular fluid in which cells are suspended.

Pleural Fluid: The liquid matter contained in and around the body cavity that contains the lungs.

Post-exposure Prophylaxis (PEP, chemoprophylaxis): Prophylaxis means disease prevention. Post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP) means taking antiviral medications as soon as possible after exposure to a pathogen so that the exposure will not result in an infection.

PRN: As needed

Rapid HIV Testing: A laboratory method called Single-Use Diagnostic System (SUDS® HIV-1 Test) that detects and reports HIV antibody test results in the same day.

SIDS: Crib death”; the sudden death of an apparently healthy infant, without observed etiology.

START: Simple Triage And Rapid Treatment; A protocol that allows for assessing a large number
of victims rapidly and can be used effectively by personnel with limited medical training

Seroconversion: Development of antibodies in blood serum as a result of infection or immunization. Serum: The clear yellowish fluid obtained by separating whole blood into its solid and liquid

Sputum: Matter that is coughed up and usually ejected from the mouth, including saliva, foreign material, and substances such as mucus or phlegm from the respiratory tract.
Synovial Fluid: The liquid that lubricates joints and nourishes cartilage.

Titer: A level of concentration of antibodies in a blood sample that shows whether exposure and subsequent immunity to an infectious disease are present.

Triage: The process for sorting and prioritizing injured people into groups based on their need for or likely benefit from immediate medical treatment in a medical setting